2005-05-09 10:33:08 UTC
As mentioned earlier, a major link between the UT Rambler, the mutilated
books, and the JFK assassination is the story of Miami Rambler
eyewitness Michael Kensington. In his September 1992 Third Decade
article he stated that the Dealey Plaza Rambler was "the same make and
model as ours, and a similar car was seen often in the driveway of the
CIA's Cuban exile safehouse in Miami [known as Hernando's Hideaway]."480
When he first saw the car, Kensington did a "double-take" thinking his
father had come home too early.481
He then wrote about the Loran Eugene Hall story (subject of missing
pages) because it is the subject of an FBI report (CD 1179) on which
there is an address that is about half a mile from Hernando's Hideaway.
The address on the FBI report is also "only a mile or so from the
Central Shopping center where del Valle met his untimely demise."
Kensington and his father reportedly overheard an assassination plot
against President Kennedy at Hernando's Hideaway days prior to November
In December 1992, Michael Kensington was shown two color slides of
Wing's Rambler. As anyone who has seen the slides can attest, the color
of the car is nondescript. There are three significant results from
Kensington's comparison of George Wing's car to the one he saw:
First, the colors match. Kensington said he could not make out the hue
in the slides of Wing's Rambler but stated that his father's car was
"Pepto-Bismol" colored, or light-pink, as was the Hernando's Hideaway
Rambler. That is the color, although faded, of George Wing's Rambler
Second, Kensington could not have done his double-take prior to 1959.
His family bought their 1956 Rambler in 1959. When he stated this he did
not yet know Wing's car is a 1959.
Third, there is a visual similarity to the 1950s styling. Upon
comparison of the pertinent body styles Kensington determined he could
not have confused a 1960, 1961 or 1962 model with their family's 1956
Rambler. Therefore the car he saw could not have been later than a 1959.
And although Kensington could not rule out the 1958 model, the
possibilities are substantially narrowed.484
Kensington looked up Rambler styles and determined that the pronounced
rear fins he remembers are on both the 1958 and 1959 models. The 1960
and 1961 models had much less pronounced "shark fins". He remembers
doing his double-take near the end of the ownership of their 1956
Rambler. His father sold it when they bought a 1960 Corvair in 1961 or
1962, according to one of his parents. Kensington added that he was not
a teenager in 1959 but he was a teen when he did the double-take. This
means that a 1959 Rambler cannot be ruled out based on the timing of
Kensintgton's observations. Only if he had done his double-take prior to
the fall of 1958 would it rule out Wing's car. Kensington also said he
was interested in C.B. Smith's possible Jules Dubois connection because
it was David Salvador, a friend of Dubois, who started the 30th of
November movement.485 The significance of this connection requires a
detailed look at Cecil Bernard Smith, Sr.
George's widow, Lucila Lopez Wing, believes the car was C.B. Smith's
personal automobile and not just a car from his used car lot.486 Even if
Smith was the original owner of the car he had enough right-wing,
military-industrial, LBJ, and Latin American connections to make his
If Lucila Wing is correct, the car's owner could still have been either
C.B. Smith, Sr. or his son, C.B. Smith, Jr. It is much more likely that
it was the elder Smith's car, however, since Rambler reportedly went out
of business because of their inability to appeal to younger drivers. It
is also known that Smith, Jr. had a preference for Porches, making it
unlikely he would own a Rambler wagon.487
Smith, Jr. was sales manager of C.B. Smith Motors by October, 1964. The
son's ownership of the car would not make much difference with regard to
links to the assassination since Smith, Sr. still owned the dealership
as late as 1967 and his son (born 1923) was more military than his
father. Smith, Jr. was a dive bomber pilot when he was a Marine Air
Corps first lieutenant in the Pacific during World War II. In Korea he
was promoted to captain and served with the First Marine Division.488
C.B. Smith, Sr., was born in West, Texas, to a farm and ranching family,
and graduated from Rotan high school in 1920. He was a captain in the
College Cadet Corps at Grubbs Vocational College from 1920-22 (Grubbs
became the University of Texas at Arlington which named Smith an
outstanding alumnus in 1967 -- mentioned earlier in reference to de
Mohrenschildt). He didn't do anything else militarily until World War II
when he was Chairman of the United States-Canadian War Production
Committee and served with the Chief of Staff, Army Ordinance, in
Washington and Detroit, as Director of Tools and Equipment.489
It would be interesting to learn, though, the nature of his work just
prior to the war. After Grubbs, Smith, Sr. got his BA and MA at the
University of Texas at Austin where he continued to be quite a frat,
scholar and athlete until 1928. He then became athletic director and
professor of government at Houston Junior College (now the University of
Houston). While in Houston he considered joining the diplomatic corps
but opted to join the Universal Credit Company instead, spending two
years with that organization in Mexico.490 Could that have been some
kind of intelligence work?
After the war Smith, Sr. spent ten years with the Chevrolet Division of
General Motors (GM) as an executive in Detroit, Chicago, Minneapolis and
Houston. This raises the question of whether Smith, with his intense
interest in Latin American politics, ever became associated with Amadeo
Barletta was a director of Cuban-Venezuelan Oil Voting Trust (CVOVT),
the company started by George de Mohrenschildt and former Pantipec Oil
president, Warren Smith (Canfield and Webberman, Coup de Etat in
America). Barletta was also the Cuban representative of General Motors
and a close associate of Batista and Trujillo. Pantipec Oil was owned by
William F. Buckley, Jr.'s parents.491 De Mohrenschildt, in what had to
have been one of his first jobs upon graduating from UT, worked at
Pantipec under Warren W. Smith in 1945. The question of a possible
family relationship between C.B. Smith and Warren Smith should also be a
focus of future research.
If C.B. Smith knew Barletta it would not only be a link to de
Mohrenschildt but to another director of his company, Jose M. Bosch
Lamarque. Bosch Lamarque supported Castro then turned against him in
1959. He was Castro's chief contact with Jules Dubois, a journalist and
Army intelligence vet who helped engineer the Guatemala coup in 1954.
Dubois' old underground contract, David Salvador, founded the
anti-communist 30th of November Movement. A Cuban, identified by the
Secret Service as belonging to 30th of November, said during an arms
deal on November 21, 1963 that the financial backers of his group would
soon "take care of Kennedy."492
A national 30th of November leader, Jesus Fernandez Hernandez, was the
resident, in 1962 and 1963, of Hernando's Hideaway. He was leasing the
house from the Keys Realty Company. Rolando Cubella's co-plotter in the
AM/LASH plot was Eugenio Rolando Martinez, the owner of the CIA front,
Keys Realty, which owned Hernando's Hideaway where Kensington witnessed
the Rambler similar to George Gordon Wing's. Martinez was also the
skipper of the Collins Radio ship Rex during its ill-fated raid on Cuba
in late October 1963 -- a fact attributed to Frank Sturgis by Peter Dale
Scott in Crime and Cover-Up. Scott adds that Sturgis was probably
involved with this raid as well. Sturgis was a long-time associate of
Bosch Lamarque was an original supporter of Carlos Bringuier's
Directorial Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE) and Alpha 66 which was
linked to three attempts on Castro including the attempt involving the
Odios.494 DRE and Alpha 66 grew out of the group originally funded by
Bosch Lamarque, and DRE had overlapping goals and personnel with 30th of
November.495 It is therefore probable that de Mohrenschildt's fellow oil
company employee Bosch Lamarque was one of the financial backers who
would soon "take care of Kennedy."
Yet another director of CVOVT, Jose I. de la Camara, was an employee of
Augustin Batista Falla's Trust Company of Cuba. The Batista Falla family
was behind the Lake Pontchartrain training camp where Loran Hall and
Gerry Patrick Hemming were training Cuban exiles.496 Bringuier accused
Oswald of attempting to infiltrate this very camp after Oswald allegedly
went there with David Ferrie.497 And of course Hall and Hemming bring us
full circle back to Hernando's Hideaway. The FBI report, which Michael
Kensington wrote about (CD 1179) links Hall and Hemming to Dick Whatley,
a former Brigade 2506 trainer in Guatemala, whose address on that report
was near Hernando's Hideaway. Also, according to Marita Lorenz, Hemming
was among those who left from a Miami safehouse and drove to Dallas in a
station wagon to kill Kennedy.498
Aside from the fact that these people were primary players in Second
Naval Guerrilla and the false stories about Oswald (subjects of missing
pages), these associations would sufficiently link Smith to the
conspirators and go a long way toward proving this car to be the
infamous Hernando's Hideaway/Dealey Plaza Rambler. The possibility that
C.B. Smith did not know this Cuban GM representative, during a time when
even the average American was riveted by the events in Cuba, would be
More direct links between C.B. Smith, Warren W. Smith, and George de
Mohrenschildt are also likely. Although older, William F. Buckley, Sr.,
like Smith, had resided at UT's very fraternal upperclassmen dormitory,
"Old B Hall." By the time C.B. Smith was at UT (1922), Buckley had been
expelled from Mexico for his counterrevolutionary activities (no doubt
in league with Allen Dulles' uncle, Robert Lansing) and had begun
lecturing on Mexican politics.499 During his years at UT, C.B. Smith
"was a member of the Friar's Senior Honor Society; president of the
International Relations Society, President of Student Graduate School,
Pi Sigma Alpha Honorary Government Society; Manager, University Men's
Dormitory." Smith was an avid student of Southwest and Latin American
history and government and after graduating remained a "great friend and
admirer of Walter Prescott Webb," his professor of Southwestern history.
Smith also spent "as much time as possible in research on these
subjects."500 It is therefore likely that Smith and Buckley came to
share their mutual interests in UT and Mexico long before 1963. The
question of a family relationship between C.B. Smith and Warren Smith
should also be a focus of future research.
In addition to Smith's former ownership of the Rambler station wagon,
several questions remain concerning its ownership prior to Smith, and
during George Wing's ownership. Two questions to be answered are: who,
if anyone, owned the car prior to C.B. Smith?; and to whom was the
"turista" sticker registered in 1964?
The first question is important because Oswald was under the impression
that he left Dealey Plaza in "Mrs. Paine's" station wagon. If, as
indicated by Navy Department documents, Ruth Paine knew Oswald as early
as 1957501 then it could be that the Paines originally owned the car and
sold it to Smith who in turn sold it to Wing in an attempt to "launder"
While we do not know when or from whom Smith bought the car, we do know
he "delivered" the car to Wing on April 26, 1963 (this date was on a
warranty card in the glove compartment). This was possibly a very
significant time in the conspiracy.
On April 24, Marina moved in with Ruth Paine, and Oswald left for New
Orleans. On April 25, Oswald arrived in New Orleans to begin his
infamous summer there. And before any of these things happened, LBJ
arrived at Love Field shortly before noon on Tuesday, April 23, for a
busy day of two luncheons, two private conferences at both Dallas
newspapers' offices, a large banquet, and an address to a meeting of
scientists. During the one-hour conference at the Dallas Times Herald,
he said that Kennedy may visit Dallas "on a one-day visit to Texas in
the near future." According to some news accounts, Johnson referred to
Kennedy using the analogy of a pilot. He reportedly told the press not
to shoot Kennedy down now but wait until his visit to shoot him down.502
It sounds like a "go" signal.
The second question is about the turista sticker. It will be difficult
to answer but it is still important. Either Wing took the car to Mexico
or someone else did. If Wing made the trip it was either a vacation or
UT business. Both of these reasons can be verified through Wing's UT
personnel records. If there is no record of Wing being away from UT
during that period then things get strange again. If someone else took
the car, who was it? Did Wing let him use the car or was it stolen (and
was it reported stolen)? Did the borrower or thief have any links to the
Unfortunately the most detailed information we have on Wing, aside from
photographs of a most interesting montage on his office door, comes from
Mr. George Gordon Wing, born August 31, 1922, in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, died at his home in Austin on Thursday, December 19, 1991.
He was preceded in death by his father, George Wing, his mother,
Geraldine Gordon Wing, and his brother William.
He served in the United States Navy during World War II. He graduated
from Temple University in Philadelphia, attended Mexico City College and
received a doctorate from the University of California at Berkeley.
He was a professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the
University of Texas at Austin from 1962 to the time of his death.
He is survived by his wife, Lucila Lopez Wing and her four children,
Adriana Rodriguez Conchola, Esteban Rodriguez, Carlos Rodriguez, and
Sergio Rodriguez, and by a nephew and a niece from Philadelphia, Terence
Wing and Susan Wing.
A memorial mass will be held on Tuesday, December 24 at 10:00 AM, at the
University Catholic Student Center.
Services under the direction of the Angel Funeral Home, 1811 South
Congress Avenue, 441-9738.
Other known pieces of significant personal information are his Social
Security number, 187-18-5710; his UT employee number, 96139; and his
1972 Texas Driver's License index number, 2398458. We know that in 1963
he lived at 717 Landon Lane, Austin, Texas. From as early as September
13, 1967 to as late as June 6, 1977 he lived at 2102 Marquette Lane,
Austin, Texas (phone: GL-27210). And as early as October 30, 1982 he
lived at 2102 Robinhood (phone: 476-1630). In 1966 his license plate
number was BGS839; in 1967 it was BTD307; in 1971 it was BJY237; in 1972
it was BKN46; in 1975 it was BKN973; and in 1977 it was AGQ821. The
mileage on the car on September 1, 1966 was 68162; on September 13, 1967
it was 73525; and on February 19, 1975 it was 79930. Finally, his
insurance agent at one time was "M.E. Luper, State Farm Insurance Co's,
Tex. Pub. Employees Assoc. Bldg., 311 East 14th Street, Austin 1, Texas,
Ph. GR 8-8545."
The final coincidences of his life were that he died the day the movie
JFK premiered. And his funeral was at the "Angel" Funeral Home. (This
latter coincidence will become apparent in this paper.) In addition, it
is recalled that Philadelphia is the hometown of Frank Fiorini Sturgis
and is near Pittsburgh, hometown of the Mannarino brothers -- all
subjects of missing pages.
A page of biographical information included with Wing's 1961 doctoral
dissertation states that he was at Mexico City College from 1949 to
1950. The next listing puts him at the University of California
beginning in 1952. This two-year gap following his stay at Mexico City
College is intriguing for several reasons. 1950 was the year Hunt hired
Buckley to work with him at the CIA's Mexico City station. Hunt hired
him because, as he recalled, "I knew the student situation in Mexico
City was crying out for some corrective attention, and I thought here
was a young man just out of college. I was going to be in the embassy
myself, and I needed somebody on the outside who could make contacts and
deal with the younger people." Besides Wing, another student who was
reportedly at Mexico City College in 1950 was Fidel Castro.503
Military personnel records of George Wing's Naval career include a
photograph taken of Wing in the early 1940s. All of the facial features
closely resemble those of the "turtleneck" man in the missing photo from
The Fish is Red. It is inconclusive however since neither it nor the
reproduction of the St. George photo show his left ear's anatomy with
Wing's service record was the first document found which linked Wing to
Florida. Also intriguing is Wing's heavy involvement with ordnance
(weapons, ammunition, combat vehicles, tools and equipment) and naval
aviation. During World War II, C.B. Smith served as Director of Tools
and Equipment for the Chief of Staff, Army Ordnance. In 1940 D.H. Byrd
made a successful bid for the location of Hensley Field, U.S. Naval Air
Base in Grand Prairie, Texas, near Dallas.
In July 1962, while he was Secretary of the Navy, Fred Korth awarded
Byrd a plaque calling him a "Long-time friend of the Navy -- and
particularly of Naval aviation..." for his role with Hensley field and
for supporting the expeditions of his cousin Rear Admiral Richard E.
Byrd, a pioneer of naval aviation.505
It is rumored Wing was not tenured despite his being an associate
professor. Dr. Wing, who earned a Bachelor of Science from Temple
University in Philadelphia in 1949 and a Ph.D. at the University of
California at Berkeley in 1961, was a specialist in Latin American
literature for almost thirty years at UT. This is unusual for two
reasons. First, it is extremely rare in academia to be anywhere that
long without tenure.
Second, Wing has apparently published very little. The following
articles are all that have been located by this paper's researchers:
"Trilce I: A Second Look," (Austin, TX: ILAS, 1972); "Octavio Paz: Or
The Revolution in Search of an Actor," (Austin, TX: ILAS, 1973); "Some
Remarks on the Literary Criticism of Carlos Fuentes," (in Rob Brody with
Charles Roseman [eds.] Carlos Fuentes: A Critical View, The University
of Texas Press, 1982, pp. 200-215); "A Gallery of Women in Carlos
Fuentes's Cantar de ciegos," (in Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 8,
Summer 1988, pp. 217-224); and his 1961 doctoral dissertation, Octavio
Paz: Poetry, Politics, and the Myth of the Mexican. It thus appears Wing
violated the "publish or perish" rule.
An associate who had worked with Wing considered him to be a "very weird
person." She said that during the period she worked with him he drank
heavily and wore disheveled clothing. She also spoke negatively about
his personal hygiene.506 In a similar description, Chuck Bradshaw,
described Wing as "an odd fellow."507 Bradshaw is a former employee of
C.B. Smith, Sr. who also knew George Wing. His observations about Smith
will be discussed further.
John Wheat, a former student of George Wing's, found Wing to be very
intelligent and to have a sarcastic wit. He said Wing would stand under
a "no smoking" sign, light up a cigarette, and make a point about
literature. He was never cruel, John said, but he enjoyed playing
John said Wing was primarily interested in the psychological and
political aspects of literature. That is also evident from Wing's scarce
writings. John said Wing was liberal and progressive much in the same
way as Carlos Fuentes and Gabriel Garcia Marquez. On the subject of
tenure, John said that Wing must have been tenured because it comes with
being an associate professor.508
In his writings, Wing comes across as an intelligent and insightful
literary critic. Former students have described him as politically to
the left. One former student said he was "obsessed with Pablo Neruda."
In the first posthumous anthology of the work of this Nobel Prize
winning Argentine poet, editor and translator Ben Belitt described
Neruda as prophetic, adding, "The vision of things to come -- as cancer,
as coup d'=E9tat, as assassination -- is there." In this same volume,
Pablo Neruda, Five Decades: A Selection (Poems: 1925-1970), is a poem
entitled The United Fruit Company.509
On October 28, 1992, researcher John Garcia had a short conversation
with UT Spanish professor Miguel Gonzalez-Gerth (the close friend of
Harry Ransom) about the late George Gordon Wing. Gonzalez-Gerth said he
thinks Wing came to UT in 1960-61 (actually Wing began teaching at UT in
the fall of 1962). John asked if it is possible that Wing was involved
with Cuban exiles in Florida. Gonzalez-Gerth said Wing was very
progressive and involved in civil rights. He said he did not think Wing
would have had much to do with right-wing anti-Castro Cubans. Finally,
Gonzalez-Gerth said, "What if all this time the George Wing that we knew
was disguised?" Gonzalez-Gerth was in a hurry to get to his office and
the conversation rested there.510
This conversation took place on the elevator at the Harry Ransom
Humanities Research Center. While talking to Gonzalez-Gerth, Garcia had
an odd sense that Gonzalez-Gerth and Wing had not been very close. The
tone was that Gonzalez-Gerth had not known Wing that intimately.
Auto records kept by George Wing during his lifetime reveal that R.L.
Lewis, a salesman at C.B. Smith Motors, handled the sale of the Rambler
from Smith to Wing. It was learned that Lewis died of a heart attack on
January 11, 1964.511 This was only seven weeks after the assassination.
Wilma Johnson of Manor, Texas, the former office manager at C.B. Smith
Motors, said that all the old records were lost in "the flood." She said
they had been stored down on Lamar. She was referring to the Memorial
Day Flood of 1981 which severely damaged businesses along Lamar Blvd.
from about twelfth street down to the river. The auto dealerships at
Sixth Street and Lamar were especially hard hit since they are right
next to Shoal Creek.512 Other records still to be sought are those for
P.K. Williams Rambler, Austin's dealership at the time, to see if Smith
bought the car there and whether or not it was bought new.513
Chuck Bradshaw, born 1937, became C.B. Smith, Sr.'s garage manager in
1962. Chuck told a story about how he and C.B. Smith, Jr., who became
his father's sales manager, built three racing cars in Smith's shop
while Smith, Sr. was in Japan for a year partly to see the Olympics.
Upon his return, Smith, who was not a race car enthusiast, ordered Chuck
to get rid of the cars immediately.514 The XVIII Summer Games were held
in Tokyo October 10 to 24, 1964. In light of D.H. Byrd's late 1963
hunting trip, it is noteworthy that Smith left on his year-long trip to
Japan one year prior to the Olympics and returned in late October 1964
-- one month after the Warren Commission Report was issued. It is not
yet known whether the U.S. and Japan had an extradition treaty in effect
at that time.515
C.B. Smith, Sr. always drove Chryslers, according to Bradshaw, and
Smith, Jr. always drove Porsches. Chuck said that Smith Jr.'s son David
is a helicopter pilot. He also said that Smith was so tight with money
"He could take a nickel and squeeze a dime out of it." Smith owned only
three suits, black, brown, and blue.516
Despite his frugality, Smith financially supported Lyndon Johnson's
campaigns. When asked about this Chuck said, "Oh yes, C.B. Smith and
Johnson were very close. We would often hear him on the phone with Lady
Bird." Chuck said one of C.B. Smith Motors' Christmas parties (he thinks
1965) was held at the LBJ Ranch. One of Chuck's mechanics got drunk at
this party and shot Smith's van full of holes with a shotgun.517
Smith, Jr. took over the business, according to Chuck, around 1968,
about the time Chuck left, and sold it to Chuck Nash's Pontiac
dealership in the 1970s. Bradshaw described Smith, Sr. as "military" in
the way he ran his business with a clear chain of command.518
These bits of personal information about Smith and Wing have proven and
may continue to prove useful in analyzing the missing pages. The more
that is learned about these men and about the assassination, the more
intertwined they seem to become.
Red Ripper Reprise
In Dick Russell's book The Man Who Knew Too Much, many names, places,
dates, events, and themes are identical to the same information that
reoccurs throughout missing pages in all of the mutilated books,
including the Odio incident; false stories planted about Oswald in
Mexico City and their cover-up by CIA; Oswald's leafleting in New
Orleans; the raid on the Lake Pontchartrain camp; John Martino; Loran
Eugene Hall; Rolando Cubela and the AM/LASH plot; Manuel Artime; Carlos
Bringuier; Santos Trafficante; Little Havana, Miami; JFK's secret
negotiations with Castro; September 1963; Alpha 66; and the Cuban
Of interest from Russell's references to "Angel" are the following: "Of
Angel, Nagell wrote to Fensterwald in 1975: `A friend out here, formerly
connected with Alpha 66, advises that an Angel was apprehended in Cuba
while on ice, possibly in 1965 or 1966. This Angel was found in
possession of .45 calibre ammunition containing (?) or coated with
cyanide....He is said to have copped out that he and several cohorts
were on a CIA-sponsored mission to assassinate Fidel.=B4
"In 1984, Nagell hinted to me that Angel might have been among
forty-eight political prisoners released by Castro that June, in what
was termed by the Cuban premier as a `personal gesture=B4 triggered by a
visit from Jesse Jackson."519
This indicates that Angel could not be Wing. The thought was entertained
because a "war name" is, in many cases, a whimsical reference to one's
real name. George Wing's only UT yearbook photos appear in the Cactus
Yearbook for 1964 (p. 48) and 1967 (p. 549).
A list of the forty-eight former prisoners, however, might reveal a name
of someone currently suspected of being Angel and a check could be made
for associations to Wing; especially since the yearbook photos do not
rule out the possibility that the St. George photo in The Fish is Red is
"Nagell has said that he `complained=B4 to Desmond FitzGerald on August
27, 1963, apparently about the Oswald-related operation having gone out
of control." This date is one day before Wing put new tires on the
Rambler, and in the same time frame that Oswald visited Ruby=B4s friend
Robert Ray McKeown in Bay Cliff, Texas; having been driven there by
"Hernandez" in a "light-colored car."520
As discussed earlier, Watergate burglar Bernard Barker has admitted, as
has Frank Sturgis, to being close to Carlos Prio Socarras, the wealthy
financier of Cuban exile activities. Prio Socarras was once arrested in
a gun-running conspiracy with Robert Ray McKeown. McKeown had been
involved with Jack Ruby in "running jeeps to Cuba" and other smuggling
schemes. The point of these relationships in connection with McKeown's
"light-colored car" is that Barker was the man identified by Deputy
Constable Seymour Weitzman as one of the fake Secret Service agents in
Dealey Plaza. Another fake Secret Service man, identified by Roger Craig
as Edgar Eugene Bradley, only made a note of Craig's description of the
Rambler -- not the men who were escaping in it. It is possible, as we
will see, that C.B. Smith was also in contact with Prio Socarras and his
gun-running activities through a fellow Texan and financial supporter of
As with the story of the arrest and release of the Rambler driver in
Dealey Plaza, this story of "Bay Cliff, Texas" should be double-checked
by researchers. A search for "Bay Cliff" using maps adapted from the
county maps issued by the Texas Department of Highways and Public
Transportation and prepared by the Texas A & M University Cartographics
Laboratory, reveal no such city. There are the cities of Bacliff, Bay
City, Bayside, Baytown, and Bayview, all in far South Texas, not between
Dallas and Houston where Dick Russell said Bay Cliff is supposed to
Most likely the correct city is Bacliff, just south of Houston off of
Interstate Highway 45 which runs between Dallas and Houston. It is also
near Beaumont, where Ruby's other gun-running associate, Thomas Eli
Davis III, lived. Author Henry Hurt says that Beaumont is "not far from
where McKeown had his headquarters." Making matters worse, reporter and
author Seth Kantor (whom Hurt cites) places McKeown in "Bashore, Texas"
-- another non-existent town.522 If this geography lesson seems a bit
trivial, it will become more important when we discuss an incident in
another Texas town that took place around the same time. If the two
incidents are related, the traveling required could have been the
motivation behind putting new tires on Wing's Rambler on August 28,
Russell points out that "[Victor Espinosa] Hernandez -- identified only
as `A=B4 in the congressional investigation=B4s reports -- was involved
`with anti-Castro exiles and underworld figures who were operating the
guerrilla training camp in New Orleans in July, 1963,=B4 according to
CIA files. [He] purchased twenty-four hundred pounds of dynamite and
twenty bomb casings meant to be dropped on Cuban targets. His contact
was Richard Lauchli, a co-founder of the paramilitary Minutemen
group.523 After Hernandez transported the mat=E9riel to the New Orleans
camp, it was seized on July 31, 1963 in an FBI raid. Hernandez, Lauchli,
and nine other men were temporarily detained." The raid on the Lake
Pontchartrain camp and specifically the story of "A" are subjects of
many missing pages in the mutilated copies of Crime and Cover-Up and The
Fish is Red.
It is essential to note here, in thinking about the Rambler, that Victor
Espinosa Hernandez was a lifelong friend of Rolando Cubela and that
Cubella's co-plotter in the AM/LASH plot was Eugenio Rolando Martinez,
the owner of the CIA front, Keys Realty Company, which owned Hernando's
Hideaway where Kensington witnessed the Rambler similar to George Gordon
Martinez was also the skipper of the Collins Radio ship Rex during its
ill-fated raid on Cuba in late October 1963 -- a fact attributed to
Frank Sturgis by Peter Dale Scott in Crime and Cover-Up. Scott adds that
Sturgis was probably involved with this raid as well. Sturgis was a
long-time associate of Eugenio Martinez.524
Robert Sam Anson, in his book, "They've Killed the President!", uses the
Rex as an example of a violation of Kennedy's warning to six Americans
to stop their anti-Castro activities -- namely Sturgis. The above
information was a specific target for censorship (or discovery) in these
However, in the most mutilated book found to date, The Fish is Red, the
entire story of the Rex survived. The only difference between it and the
accounts in Scott and Anson is Hinckle/Turner's failure to mention the
roles of Martinez and Sturgis525 -- roles that link them to Collins
Radio and ultimately to de Mohrenschildt, Oswald, and D.H. Byrd.
In bringing to a full circle the McKeown story, the missing pages
mystery, the many UT connections to the assassination, and Mike
Kensington's near identification of George Wing's Rambler, it is of
interest that some researchers are looking for a man named Hernandez in
their search for "Angel."
One suspect is Jesus Fernandez Hernandez, the Cuban who was leasing
Hernando's Hideaway from Eugenio Martinez in 1962 and 1963. However,
considering the coincidences seen in the combined discoveries of Wing's
car and the mutilated books, another candidate is Victor Espinosa
Hernandez. Completing the circle could depend on the declassification of
the only classified document in the three boxes comprising Lyndon
Johnson's pre-presidential office diary.
The only known information about what is contained in this document is
its description on the pink "removed" form filed chronologically in its
place. This pink form shows that the document is a Secret Service report
about an incident in Graham, Texas on August 31, 1963 and that the
report was given to LBJ's aid Walter Jenkins.
This date is within the time frame of Oswald's visit to McKeown in a
light-colored car driven by "Hernandez," four days after Nagell's report
to Desmond FitzGerald about the Oswald-related operation having gone out
of control, and three days after George Wing put two new tires on his
Rambler.526 Records exist of several tire purchase dates, including
August 28, 1963, (2 tires/27 mo. guarantee), and November 20, 1964, (2
tires/30 mo. guarantee).527 They place the Rambler in Austin on these
Graham, Texas is in the southeast corner of Lee County, just west of
Fort Worth. It is a fairly direct route between Graham and Bacliff -- a
trip that could be made in a day. Thus the earlier of the two dates may
be significant with regard to an anti-Castro Cuban/Minuteman/Oswald/Ruby
connection discovered by Warren Commission attorneys Hubert and Griffin
but not investigated by the FBI or CIA. It involves Robert Ray McKeown
and the fact that Ruby associate Bertha Cheek was the sister of Earlene
Roberts, the housekeeper at Oswald's rooming house. The Hubert/Griffin
leads will be discussed further in this paper.
A declassification request was filed for this Secret Service report on
November 21, 1991. On Oct. 21, 1992, it was learned that
declassification requests are sent to the agency where they originated
for approval and that it is not unusual for the process to take as long
as two years. However, it is likely that one other person will make the
final decision: the man who watches over the research and researchers in
the LBJ Library reading room and who compiled Johnson's national
security file at the Library, Walt Whitman Rostow.
Considering the possible importance of missing pages subject "A" to the
McKeown affair, a check was made of the other missing pages for McKeown.
The following was found:
Crime and Cover-Up (p. 44): Here Scott discusses links between Ruby,
Roselli, and Ramsey Clark. "One of Ruby's...`close personal friends=B4
and character witnesses for his liquor license was Hal Collins (22 H
928), brother-in-law of prominent local attorney Robert L. Clark, the
brother and uncle respectively of U.S. Attorneys General Tom and Ramsey
Clark (CD 4.371)....Robert L. Clark and his law partner Maury Hughes...
arranged the...parole in 1947 of John Roselli....It is probably
irrelevant that Robert Clark also served as general counsel for an
airline originally organized in part by Houston syndicate pay-off
connection Jack Harold Halfen, who channeled money from the
Dallas-Chicago mob=B4s slot machines in Houston to Texas politicians as
high (he claimed) as Lyndon Johnson. But Halfen also `smuggled guns and
surplus American bombers to Fidel Castro,=B4 in a deal which apparently
involved Carlos Prio Socarras and his Texas associate, Ruby=B4s Cuban
business contact, Robert R. McKeown."
In another possible example of purpose behind the mutilations, two
McKeown pages in Anson survived (239-40). Anson discusses McKeown's gun
running to Castro, Ruby seeking McKeown's help in a sale of surplus
Jeeps to Castro, and Ruby seeking McKeown's help in getting three people
out of Cuba. This standard McKeown-Ruby story, devoid of details,
survived. However, it seems the "irrelevant"
McKeown-Prio-Halfen-Houston-LBJ-Clark-Roselli links had to disappear.
LBJ's financial supporters Halfen and C.B. Smith both had experience in
military ordnance and shared an interest in Cuba. Could Smith have been
involved with Halfen and McKeown in Cuban gun running? If so, it would
be a Smith-Ruby link reminiscent of the possible Carousel Club link of
Smith's friend Harry Ransom. Leon Hubert, the Warren Commission's
attorney in charge of investigating Ruby, found significance in "Ruby's
admission that in 1959 he was interested in selling jeeps to Cuba and
other reports that persons interested in Cuban arms sales were
responsible for the assassination of President Kennedy."528
George Michael Evica writes about memoranda written by Leon Hubert and
Bert Griffin indicating they were investigating an anti-Castro
Cuban/Minutemen/Oswald/Ruby connection. It says, "We have...suggested
the theory that Ruby and Mrs. [Bertha] Cheek could have been involved in
Cuban arms sales of which Oswald gained knowledge through his efforts to
infiltrate the anti-Castro Cubans."529 Mrs. Cheek was the sister of
Earlene Roberts, housekeeper at 1026 N. Beckley, where Oswald was living
at the time of the assassination.530
The CIA and FBI failed to follow up on these leads. They seem to
corroborate the McKeown-Hernandez-Lauchli-Oswald connection and the
Ruby-Periera-Magnolia-Paine connection. Given those connections, the
Hubert/Griffin leads may still trace back to the Dealey Plaza Rambler in
a way that substantiates the possibility that the light-colored car used
for Oswald's visit to McKeown was that very Rambler station wagon. That
possibility involves the fundamental question of how Oswald could claim
that the Rambler "belongs" to Ruth Paine when she apparently did not own
such a car.
Earlier in this paper, it was mentioned that Bert Sugar and Sybil Leek
apparently had information that Paine borrowed a car similar to the one
seen in Dealey Plaza. What was not mentioned, however, was that they
claimed she "sometimes borrowed" the car from Jack Ruby.531 Whatever the
vices of Sugar's and Leek's book, to make a claim that Ruth Paine
borrowed anything from Jack Ruby must be based on something. If they
invented the claim out of nothing it is certainly odd that a possible
Ruby-Oswald-Paine link through Bertha Cheek and her sister Earlene
Roberts seems to corroborate it. If true, this is the second possible
Paine-Ruby link after the Paine-Magnolia-Periera-Ruby connection.
There is also a third scenario which, as we have seen, brings together
the Miami Rambler, the Dealey Plaza Rambler, Wing's Rambler, Ruth Paine,
Jack Ruby, and Oswald. In his manuscript, Peter Dale Scott mentions
Jesus Fernandez Hernandez, the leaseholder of Hernando's Hideaway. He
says he is a leader of the "30th of November Movement (founded by
Dubois' old underground contact David Salvador)...."532 That is why
Kensington found the possible connection between C.B. Smith and Jules
Jose M. Bosch Lamarque, the director of de Mohrenschildt's
Cuban-Venezuelan Oil Trust, was Castro's chief contact with Dubois.533
Bosch Lamarque, Barletta, and de la Camara (all on de Mohrenschildt's
board) are collectively tied to the Castro assassination attempt
involving the Odios, General Motors, Batista, Trujillo, and the Lake
Pontchartrain training camp -- the camp where Bringuier, Hall, Hemming,
Victor Espinosa Hernandez ("A"), and Lauchli are all tied together.
Scott's research ties all of this to Marina's interrogators, the Abwehr,
Reinhard Gehlen, the Paines, General Walker, Operation Second Naval
Guerrilla, the false Oswald stories (specifically "D"), Martino, Weyl,
Andrew St. George, Haiti, DIA, Vietnam withdrawal, Charles Willoughby,
the Minutemen, Dudley Dougherty, the Hunts, and Pennsylvania534 -- the
home state of Frank Sturgis, the Mannarino brothers, and George Wing.
Furthermore, before Batista's fall at the hands of Castro, DeGolyer and
MacNaughton had been active exploring for oil in Cuba, on behalf of a
closely linked company which later (as Panoil) had Jack Alston Crichton
as director. De Mohrenschildt's Cuban-Venezuelan Oil Voting Trust, an
"interlocking" company with DeGolyer and MacNaughton, also explored in
Cuba at this time.535 DeGolyer and MacNaughton advised Harry Ransom's
university about its most important asset -- oil.536
Crichton, head of a local Army Intelligence Unit, former employee of
DeGolyer and MacNaughton,537 and trustee of the H.L. Hunt Foundation,538
had D.H. Byrd as a director of his own company,539 arranged for Marina
Oswald to have his, George Bouhe's and Ruth Paine's friend Ilya Mamantov
as her interpreter,540 had worked under Warren Smith at Pantipec,541 and
was John Connally's Republican opponent in the 1964 governor's race.542
Mamantov (the mutual friend of Paine, Crichton and de Mohrenschildt),543
from whom Schmidt, Pierce, and Fredricksen were taking scientific
Russian classes at Magnolia Laboratories,544 co-founded the CIA-backed
St. Nicholas Parish,545 which had as a financial patron former deGolyer
associate Paul Raigorodsky, who belonged to the elite Tryall Golf Club
retreat in Jamaica with Michael Paine's cousin Alexander "Sandy" Forbes,
a former director of United fruit.546
All of these connections together account for the Rambler, the missing
pages, Bancroft, Burris, Byrd, Ransom, Angel, and Leopoldo. Are the
Rambler and C.B. Smith tied to Hernando's Hideaway through de
Mohrenschildt's Cuban Oil Trust? Are the Rambler and Wing tied to Angel
(a.k.a. Hernandez?) through the St. George photo in The Fish is Red and
the fact that the Esquire magazine displayed most prominently in Wing's
back seat was the August 1963 issue -- the month the "Oswald operation"
went out of control, and possibly the month Oswald was driven to
McKeown's by "Hernandez"?
A reference to The Fish is Red in JFK: The Book of the Film led to more
insights into these questions:
"H.L. Hunt backs anti-Castro Cubans [Hinkle and Turner, The Fish Is Red,
P. 202]. Hunt voices his concerns about the threat of a Kennedy dynasty
in a July 11, 1963 letter to Senator Harry Byrd: `The stake is the
entire future of the nation=B4 [Letter to Senator Byrd, Box 270, Byrd
Papers, University of Virginia Library]. Hunt is trying to persuade
Southern Democrats to switch affiliation to the Republican Party."547
Page 202 of The Fish Is Red is not a missing page but pages 203 through
206 were removed. On page 202, as discussed earlier, Hinkle and Turner
raise the question of where Orlando Bosch got the massive funding he
needed to continue his raids on Cuba after splitting from the CIA. Bosch
rebelled against U.S. government backing in 1963 after an FBI informant
foiled his Violynn III raid (involving Sturgis, Rorke, and the
Minutemen) and brought twin FBI raids against his Florida airfield and
Lake Pontchartrain training camp.
The answer to the funding question came when "During a 1968 trial of
Bosch's group in Miami, a telephone tape transcript was introduced in
which Bosch indicated that a Mr. Hunt -- `the one with the wells=B4 --
was providing backing."
Page 202 also ties Bosch to the Rorke/Sullivan flight in a discussion
that is continued on missing page 203. Allowed to remain is the fact
that Rorke was an early associate of Bosch. Deleted was the fact that
Rorke was once an FBI employee and may have been suspected by Bosch of
being the informer who tipped the FBI about the Violynn III mission, the
bombing run from the Florida airstrip, and the bomb cache at Lake
Pontchartrain; a suspicion that led Bosch to set up the flight to get
rid of Rorke.
Two other theories about this flight are also presented on page 203.
Hemming says the mystery passenger was a Cuban double agent who hijacked
the plane to Cuba. Sturgis says the plane was shot down by Castro.
Since the missing section (203-06) is primarily about Guy Banister's
connections to Friends of Democratic Cuba (linked by Dick Russell to
Angel and Leopoldo), the Santa Ana mission (which also involved Gordon
Novel), the Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean (linked to Nixon and
the China Lobby), and Ferrie and Oswald, formerly of Civil Air Patrol,
there are many connections to UT and Wing's Rambler.
Why then focus on the deletion of only part of the story of the
Rorke/Sullivan flight? That flight began on September 25, 1963, the day
Oswald was in Austin.548 The Beech Travelair's whereabouts between
taking off from Fort Lauderdale at 8:00 a.m. and its "non-refueling"
thirty miles away in Hollywood Florida five hours later are a complete
Due to evidence which cannot yet be fully disclosed, this paper's author
believes this flight may have had something to do with Oswald's trip to
Austin. That evidence may be related to the fact that Lyndon Johnson
arrived in Austin that night. Three times that day Johnson talked by
phone to the East Coast representative of Beech Aircraft, Darrell
Schneider. They spoke twice in Washington D.C. and later that night by
long distance after Johnson arrived at his ranch. It was the last call
Johnson made before going to bed.550
They spoke to each other many times between late 1963 and 1968 but
apparently never again did they speak three different times in one day
or at odd hours. The other calls between them in 1963 appear to coincide
with major moves by Oswald leading up to and including his employment at
the Texas Schoolbook Depository.551 According to Hinkle and Turner,
Bosch used H.L. Hunt's money for pilots and twin engine planes for his
This reference in JFK: The Book of the Film not only shows H.L. Hunt
complaining about a Kennedy dynasty at the same time he is funding
Bosch, he is complaining to Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia, the cousin
of D.H. Byrd.
Since Sturgis and Hemming were trainers at the Lake Pontchartrain camp,
and since Sturgis arranged the Rorke/Sullivan flight, their theories
about the flight must remain suspect. All three theories conflict with
Marita Lorenz's claim that Rorke, Sturgis, Bosch and Hemming were with
the group that drove from a CIA safehouse in Miami to Dallas in November
1963 to kill Kennedy.552 Casting doubt on Lorenz, however, Gus Russo
I know Marita and a lot of work was done on her by various people. John
Stockwell -- to put it in a nutshell -- had made a deal with Marita
Lorenz to write her biography.
He spent two years of his time with no income researching, working with
her, writing this biography. He wrote this thing then went around to try
to fact check all the stuff that she had given him. It was all lies. And
he waisted two years of his life.
And he told me specifically where it was all lies. The Castro story is
to an extent true but nowhere near as big as she makes it out to be.
There was never a child by Castro, which she claims. He went down to
Havana and checked all the hospitals.
I mean he really tried to push this thing. He's spoken to all of the
people who were supposedly in the motorcade going to Dallas. Nothing
clicks. There's a lot more to it than that but I don't know what her
motivation is. I don't want to get into that, you know, kind of thing.
But I just don't believe her for a lot of reasons.553
The fact that the Beech Travelair attracted so much attention to itself
with its odd takeoffs, landings, flight plans, and final disappearance
may have been intentional. The purpose would be to distract attention
from its actual flight plans that day. If Rorke took part in the drive
to Dallas with Sturgis and Bosch two months later it is highly unlikely
that he was the FBI informant Bosch suspected.
It is interesting to note, however, that Oswald was suspected both of
being an FBI informant and (by Hemming and others) of infiltrating the
anti-Castro Cubans and the Lake Pontchartrain training camp. Rorke,
Sturgis, Hemming, and Bosch may have found their infiltrator, he may
have been the mystery passenger on that flight, and they may have gotten
their revenge by framing him for the assassination of President Kennedy.
Another event that helped shed light on the missing pages (especially
those dealing with Sylvia Odio) was when in early 1993 author Pete
Brewton spoke about his book The Mafia, CIA, and George Bush to a crowd
of about fifty people in Austin. Some of what he said adds to
information concerning the Rambler's possible connection to the Odio
In 1985 Walter Mischer, Sr., friend and fund raiser for LBJ, Lloyd
Bentsen, Ronald Reagan, and George Bush, bought 12,000 acres in Belize
near Guatemala for the CIA. Mischer's son-in-law, Robert Corson, was a
CIA asset. The land has not been used for anything. Belize is an English
speaking country. The Coca-Cola Company had land there. It is primarily
a transshipment point for Columbian cocaine and an area for marijuana
Belize was where Geoffrey Sullivan was seen days after his
Sturgis-arranged flight with Alex Rorke and their mysterious passenger
reportedly crashed at sea soon after September 25, 1963.
Corson, scheduled for trial in December 1992, was found dead in El Paso
the day after the presidential election. Brewton got a note that said,
"How does it feel to be a murderer.-- Corson" No drugs were found in his
body although pills were strewn around his room. The cause of death was
determined to be heart blockage. His face was cyanotic.
Corson had decided to turn states evidence against someone high up. The
Justice Department, however, denied he was turning states evidence.
County Judge John Lindsey of Houston could have been greatly damaged by
Corson. Lindsey is a powerful Republican and is close to a lot of
Corson was basically a money-launderer. His mother tried to convince
Brewton, after Corson died, that her son was not a CIA contract agent.
Brewton thinks she was put up to this because of a subsequent event
which he could not talk about.
During the question and answer period journalist David Armstrong said
that George Bush's Zapata Oil Company leased land from E. Trine Starnes'
preacher father. E.T. Starnes declared bankruptcy in 1976 after
borrowing money from Mischer's Continental Bank in Houston. Brewton did
not know this. Starnes was also the second largest borrower at Silverado
Savings and one of the biggest private donors to the Contras.
Brewton said Bush and Bentsen are the main movers of a group of
businessmen in Houston who were behind the S&L scandal. "The point,"
Brewton said, "is who got the money. These Houston guys probably got it.
We may never find out. It can be done however but the Justice Department
is not doing it. Justice has stopped subpoenas to banks in the Grand
The Parvus Company, according to Brewton, is a security-investigations
company which has Richard Helms as its board chairman. "The only guy
there who is not a former member of the intelligence community," Brewton
said, "is Theodore Dimitry of the Vinson & Elkins law firm." Judge James
Elkins was especially close to Walter Mischer.
Brewton reported that another Houston law firm, Fulbright and Jaworski,
stopped Brewton's stories in the Houston Post. They are the libel
lawyers for the paper. They had conflicts of interest with Mischer that
they did not reveal to the Post. They had represented many of Mischer's
Jaworski is indirectly related to the missing pages. Canfield and
Webberman referenced Julius Mader's Who's Who in CIA about Texas
Attorney General Waggoner Carr's CIA connections (Coup d'Etat in
America, pages 577-578). The pages to which Canfield and Webberman
referred were found missing from UT's only copy of Mader's book.
Pages 577-78 of Who's Who in CIA include both of Canfield's and
Webberman's only citations from this book. The first concerns Carr's
board membership at the M.D. Anderson Foundation. The second regards
Robert Gerald Storey's CIA connection as a board member of the
International Education Exchange, a part of the CIA's Institute of
The "Texas Court of Inquiry" into the Kennedy assassination consisted of
only three men: Carr, Storey, and Jaworski. Peter Dale Scott adds that
Storey is a former Army intelligence colonel and a member in 1946 of the
U.S. legal team at Nuremberg along with Leon Jaworski.555
Dallas D.A. Henry Wade, Carr, Storey and Jaworski met with the Warren
Commission in January 1964 to discuss allegations that Oswald had been
an informant for either the FBI or CIA. Scott also cites Harold
Weisberg's observation that Jaworski himself sat on the board of the
M.D. Anderson Foundation, "a CIA conduit." Scott also notes many other
connections between these three men and the financial backers of Second
Naval Guerrilla and those involved with Lee and Marina Oswald.556
The Mader pages had been torn out leaving a single dot of red ink on the
edge of the tear -- a red ball point pen had been used to remove many of
the other missing pages. This book was kept in a locked "cage" and had
to be requested at the circulation desk.
It is understandable that UT's protectors would be sensitive about these
particular Mader pages. In 1941, the Texas legislature provided funds
for a state cancer research hospital to be administered by UT. The newly
formed M.D. Anderson Foundation, in its first major project, provided
matching funds and a site in downtown Houston. For over thirty years,
the M.D. Anderson Hospital for Cancer Research was directed by Dr. R.
Lee Clark. He was succeeded in 1978 by Dr. Charles A. LeMaistre, who by
the time of Harry Ransom's death two years earlier had become UT's
At the time of Kennedy's assassination, LeMaistre was the director of
Woodlawn Hospital and an associate professor at the University of Texas
Southwestern Medical School in Dallas. The Dallas County Hospital
District was comprised of Parkland Memorial Hospital and Woodlawn
Hospital. Among his fellow teachers at Southwestern Medical School were
the doctors who treated Kennedy, Connally, Tippit, and Oswald. Two
months earlier Governor Connally had appointed LeMaistre to chair the
state committee on tuberculosis. Dr. LeMaistre's counterpart at Parkland
Hospital was its administrator, Dr. Charles Jack Price. It was C.J.
Price who was asked by Secret Service agent Clint Hill to help in
obtaining a casket for the President. And it was Price's assistant,
Steve Landregan, who called Vernon O'Neal's funeral home.558
In the late 1980s, the M.D. Anderson Hospital was the focus of a bizarre
homicide case (see Nexis). A staff member was charged with attempted
murder when it was determined he was trying to kill a co-worker by
injecting him with cancer cells -- despite the fact that this is
supposed to be impossible. In 1982, Dallas Deputy Sheriff Al Maddox told
researchers that a phony doctor had been assigned to Ruby while he was
in jail by "...whoever supplied the county at that time with
doctors....And one day I went in and Ruby told me, he said, `Well, they
injected me for a cold.=B4 He said it was cancer cells. That=B4s what he
told me, Ruby did. I said you don=B4t believe that shit. He said, `I
damn sure do!=B4"
Police officer Tom Tilson has told researchers, "It was the opinion of a
number of other Dallas police officers that Ruby had received injections
of cancer while he was incarcerated in the Dallas County Jail following
the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald." After Ruby's death in January 1967,
an autopsy determined that there were traces of white cancerous tumors
throughout his body. The Dallas County medical examiner who performed
the autopsy, Dr. Earl Rose, was asked by the House Assassinations
Committee if Ruby could have known about his cancer in November 1963. He
said no. Ruby died after a three week stay at Parkland Hospital --
having been admitted two days after his new trial site had been
Pete Brewton's statements overlapped with a few other subjects discussed
in this paper. "The Tower Commission never did their job," Brewton said,
"They never looked for any of this." There are some "deepthroats" coming
out of the woodwork now, but they believe their lives are in danger. In
making the point that major political scandals do go undetected, Pete
said that James McCord wrote to Judge John Sirica and kept Watergate
alive after everyone had dropped it, including Woodward and Bernstein.
McCord had been closely involved with E. Howard Hunt, Bernard Barker,
Frank Sturgis, and Eugenio Martinez in Second Naval Guerrilla and the
With regard to Austin, Pete did not know much about Austin's Lamar
Savings, he writes about Austin's Creditbanc in his book. Brewton does
know, however, that Adnan Khashoggi, Lamar's largest borrower, borrowed
money from Continental Savings a week before he did the first arms for
In August 1990 Lamar Savings owner Stanley Adams, Jr. was being deposed
for the civil lawsuit against him over the collapse of his savings and
loan.560 The deposition was stopped on August 1 when he became
emotionally upset. The U.S. District Judge who presided over the case
had appointed a special court master to prepare the case for trial. The
man he appointed was Waggoner Carr. The case was settled December 4,
1990 when Adams agreed to pay the government $1.9 million. The lawsuit
sought $92 million in damages and a maximum sentence of seventy years in
prison. Other charges against Adams involving another savings and loan
were dropped entirely.561
The Judge was James Nowlin, the same judge who had presided over the
July 1990 airliner hijacking trial of Jose Manuel Gonzalez-Gonzalez.
This defendant, who was eventually convicted of the hijacking, made
statements in that trial indicating that he may be the son of Reinaldo
Gonzalez.562 Reinaldo Gonzalez was Antonio Veciana's gunman in the
October 24, 1961 CIA attempt to assassinate Castro. After the plot
failed he hid at the Odios' house before being captured by Castro and
imprisoned along with Amador Odio. Robert Morrow, in his book, The
Senator Must Die, refers to a document published in his appendix to show
that Jose Miro Cardona, the first head of the Cuban Revolutionary
Council, had been Castro's prime minister. This same document lists, "In
Charge of Foreign Relations: Reinol Gonz=E1les Gonz=E1les" -- who may be
the same person as Veciana's gunman.563
During his trial, Jose said his father had been a political prisoner of
Castro and had died in prison. Born in Cuba on January 3, 1951, Jose
testified that he and his brother (age ten) emigrated to the U.S. in
1962. They arrived in Miami leaving their mother and father in Cuba. His
mother later went to Spain where her family owned property. She came to
the U.S. in 1966. Until then, he and his brother lived with friends of
his father and family in Florida City and in Opalaca for a year. Because
they did not get along with their surrogate family they were put into a
Jesuit school until their mother arrived in Miami.564
Their mother then took them to New Orleans where she worked as a
housekeeper. Jose dropped out of high school and took electrical
engineering classes at Control Data Institute in Virginia. He soon
returned to New Orleans and was working in the restaurant-bar-hotel
business by age seventeen. He was heard to say, while on the witness
stand, that he was working at the Habana Bar when he met his future
wife, Helen Virginia Masferrer. This intriguing statement could not be
varified due to the unavailability of transcripts for this trial (none
was made because there was no appeal).565
Had Jose been questioned about any of this, we might have learned
whether this was the same Habana Bar owned by Orest Pena, the FBI
informant who had worked closely with Sergio Arcacha Smith and David
Ferrie at the Cuban Revolutionary Council in New Orleans, and who
claimed that Oswald met with several men in his bar on many occasions in
the summer of 1963. In an interview for CBS News, broadcast on November
26, 1975, Pena said that his FBI contact, Warren deBrueys, had also been
in contact with Oswald that summer. Pena stated that deBrueys came to
him about ten days before Pena testified before the Warren Commission
and said, "If you ever talk anything about me, I will get rid -- get rid
of your ass."566
If Gonzalez-Gonzalez had been asked about his wife, we might have
learned whether she was related to Rolando "El Tigre" Masferrer, the old
hand at gunrunning and "hatchet man" during the Batista dictatorship.
According to Robert Morrow, Masferrer convinced Batista to go along with
Meyer Lansky's post war gambling and narcotics plans for Cuba. As a
Cuban senator with his own private army, Masferrer protected the Mafia's
interests, becoming friends with Santos Trafficante, Jr. in the process.
Morrow says that "Richard Nixon was among Batista's frequent and well
received guests" during this period.567
The friendship between Masferrer and Trafficante continued in the U.S.
after Castro took control. Masferrer escaped from Cuba with Cuban
congressman Eladio del Valle. Masferrer's anti-Castro mercenaries
(training on Howard Hughes' island, No Name Key) had been the ones
approved by Rostow's friend Richard Bissell to assassinate Castro. They
were the core group of Operation Forty. The future leader of Masferrer's
anti-Castro mercenaries in Florida was Loran Eugene Hall. Gerry Patrick
Hemming, who was a member of the group, claimed Oswald had tried to join
after leaving the Marines in 1959 but was turned down by Masferrer's men
in Los Angeles.568
When Howard Burris' good friend Richard Helms took over Bissell's job as
the CIA's Deputy Director of Plans with the blessing of the just fired
Allen Dulles and Charles Cabell, he decided, despite a CIA internal memo
to the contrary, to continue the assassination plots against Castro
using Trafficante's and Masferrer's men. He worked directly with John
Roselli as his sole contact with Trafficante. By February 1962, J. Edgar
Hoover had struck a deal with Helms to jointly cover up their agencies'
criminal activities. By May 1962, Dulles favorite Tracy Barnes had
established his super-secret Domestic Operations Division, hiring Dulles
loyalist E. Howard Hunt as its covert action chief.569
After the missile crisis, Kennedy declared a "hands-of Cuba" policy.
Antonio Veciana, the head of Alpha 66, defied the Kennedy brothers with
a March 17, 1963 attack against a Soviet military post and two Soviet
freighters. The Kennedys cracked down against the anti-Castro raiders on
March 30. The next day, Oscar del Valle Garcia, the organizer of
Operation Forty, used Masferrer's men to blow up a Soviet ship. The sole
American on board the raider ship was Jerry Buchanan, protege of Frank
Sturgis, Orlando Bosch, and INCA's Manuel Gil -- whose boss, Ed Butler
(Oswald's radio debate opponent), later sat on the American Security
Council with Rostow favorite Ed Lansdale; the same Jerry Buchanan whose
brother James Buchanan became the propagator of Frank Sturgis' false
Oswald stories in the Pompano Beach Sun Sentinel.570
The Kennedys cracked down harder. The anti-Castro groups intensified
their raids. In May, Masferrer's men raided a Cuban militia camp near
Havana. American right-wing groups, angered by the Kennedy crack-down,
threw their support behind the raiders. Miro Cardona resigned as head of
the CRC, declaring Kennedy a Russian-led traitor against Second Naval
Guerrilla. Mario Garcia Kohly, the former Cuban businessman, picked by
conservatives in Eisenhower's administration (like Nixon), to replace
Castro, united the anti-Castro leaders, including former Cuban president
Carlos Prio Socarras, Masferrer's group in Miami (who merged with Alpha
66 and 30th of November), and David Ferrie's Lake Pontchartrain group in
Louisiana. The assassination teams were chosen from these groups,
according to Morrow, to shoot Kennedy. Meanwhile, Trafficante had
Masferrer set up a phony CIA team to kill Castro, making sure they would
be caught, provoking anti-Kennedy statements from Cuba's leaders. He
arranged for a Cuban lawyer, Carlos Garcia Bongo (subject of missing
HSCA pages) to leak the plot to Castro. Concurrently, the CIA had
Rolando Cubela and Manuel Artime begin the real AM/LASH plot against
Castro. Finally, it was Masferrer, according to Morrow, who coordinated
the plan to give Ferrie's old Civil Air Patrol cadet, Lee Oswald, a high
profile as the lone Castro-affiliated gunman.571
Peter Dale Scott notes that, "Whatever their shortcomings, the FBI and
the Warren Commission between them meticulously demolished the prima
facie case that Oswald and Ruby were agents of Castro and the Fair Play
for Cuba Committee."572
Perhaps it was his failure to blame the assassination on Castro that
Masferrer was killed in a car bombing in 1975 for his "systematic work
in the destruction of the anti-Communist struggle." Thirty years later
the exiles still sit in Florida and wait to return to Cuba. There is one
other connection to Nixon: Masferrer's nephew, Rolandito, had been
employed with SNG veteran Gerry Hemming at Parabellum, a subsidiary of
gunrunner Mitchell WerBell's arms manufacturing company headed by
Anselmo Alliegro, Jr., "an heir to the shadowy Anson millions."573
While testifying in his own defense, Jose Manuel Gonzalez-Gonzalez
claimed he hijacked the plane in an attempt to seek political protection
in Cuba because he was being pursued by federal agents and Cuban exiles.
He said they were after him because he had learned of a plot to
assassinate former mayor Morial of New Orleans, who was seeking
reelection. Morial died under uncertain circumstances after a party. He
had apparently collapsed next to his car where his body was found the
Neither the prosecutor, nor his court appointed defense attorney, nor
Judge Nowlin asked Gonzalez-Gonzalez any questions about any of this.
Gonzalez-Gonzalez's attorney was pleading insanity for his client. It
was an ongoing joke among trial spectators, however, that the defense
was not providing any proof of this. Jose was calm and focused on the
witness stand. The prosecution provided two expert witnesses to show
Gonzalez-Gonzalez was sane.575
The first, Dr. Richard Coons, stated he was an Austin criminal forensic
psychiatrist who graduated from a Virginia college, UT Law School, and
UT's Southwestern Medical School in 1964. He said he served at Fort Sam
Houston in the Army Medical Corps from 1971 to 1972. The second was Dr.
James Fredrickson, who said he graduated from UT's Southwestern Medical
School in Dallas, and Baylor University in Waco before practicing at
Dallas' Timberlawn and Parkland Hospitals. He has done work for the
Marines, Army, Navy, and State Department, mostly as an expert witness
The reporter who covered this trial for the Austin-American Statesman
told this author during a trial recess that one of the jurors had been
on a jury in Nowlin's court the previous month. The reporter said she
was surprised that this juror was not disqualified. One other juror, who
had an extensive military background, produced the same reaction. The
reporter said she thought the military nature of the airline business
should have been reason enough for disqualification.
Both the Gonzalez-Gonzalez trial and the Adams trial were potentially
damaging to the CIA. In 1992, Nowlin was at the center of a political
scandal involving secret consultations with Republicans while overseeing
the redrawing of Texas congressional districts.
There are two final items relating to these topics worth noting here.
First, Robert Sam Anson revealed in his book, They've Killed the
President, a claim by researcher Richard Sprague that CBS has film of
the Rambler leaving the crime scene.577 If true, this film is crucial to
the identification of Wing's Rambler.578 And second, the book Government
by Gunplay revealed that George Wallace's accused, would-be, assassin,
Arthur Bremer, drove a Rambler. Considering his role in the Bremer case,
this may be another example of E. Howard Hunt's involvement with an
assassin with a Rambler.579
Many researchers of the JFK assassination eventually pass a difficult
psychological threshold. When confronted with the first evidence of
conspiracy, most rational people have no doubt responded, "so what?" The
circumstantial evidence presented here is far from immune from such
skepticism. The threshold is different for each person because it is
defined by the individual's tolerance for the number of times they can
say "so what" before skepticism becomes denial. And denial is perfectly
understandable because the alternative leads to frightening speculation
about the true meaning of events in the recent history of the United
One of the researchers for this paper has been extremely valuable in the
role of devil's advocate. His arguments on occasion become circular,
however, when he insists that because no hard evidence has been found,
none should be sought. "Pursue the UT connections," he said, "and leave
George Wing and his Rambler out of it." But, if nothing else, the
evidence presented here, stemming directly from Wing's outr=E9 and
grotesque station wagon, is a map possibly leading to several "smoking
Sincere effort has been made here to avoid direct claims of involvement
by individuals mentioned in this paper in any conspiracy to assassinate
President Kennedy. The implications, however, are unavoidable. It must
be noted, therefore, that any implied conspiracy presented in this
limited context does not pass the "so what" test. Too many fundamental
questions are left unanswered. Taken in the context of the research of
others over the past thirty years, however, this evidence can be viewed
as part of a substantive circumstantial case which begins to define the
Ironically, the fact that the available record indicates that Ruth Paine
did not own a Rambler station wagon at the time of the assassination
makes relevant one of the most fundamental questions: was George Wing's
car the one seen in Dealey Plaza and the one believed by Oswald and
Craig to belong to Ruth Paine? The answer might be found among available
Gary Shaw's original seven slides of Elm Street traffic are labeled in
other than chronological sequence. The photo used in his book Cover-Up,
to show the Rambler, is the fifth in the chronological sequence.580
This photo shows a car that is darker in color and a later model than
Wing's. In the seventh slide, however, there are two light-colored cars
crossing the intersection at Houston Street. This photo was first
published on the cover of Penn Jones, Jr.'s book, Forgive My Grief III.
The car in front does not match the 1959 Rambler's grill or headlight
design. The one behind it, sitting in the intersection has similar
grill, headlight, hood, and wheel well characteristics to Wing's
Rambler. The image is outside the camera's depth of field and only the
front half of the car is visible. Perhaps computer expert Tom Wilson can
enhance it. The Hertz clock still reads 12:40 in the seventh photo.
Film of this scene taken at 12:40, however, would be ideal for answering
this question, and seems to actually exist. Not only does Richard E.
Sprague (the researcher not the HSCA counsel) believe that CBS has such
a film, he claims it shows exactly what Roger Craig, Marvin Robinson,
and Mrs. James (Helen) Forrest all independently described.581
FBI document 5920 is a letter with enclosures which Sprague sent to
Senator Robert Kennedy in 1967. It was forwarded to J. Edgar Hoover by
RFK's secretary, Miss Polly Busselle. A researcher at UT found it among
microfilm of FBI documents in the summer of 1992.
Of particular use to Rambler identification efforts in Sprague's list of
photos are numbers 32-35, 41-46, 58, 59, 66, 130, 131, 233-35, 246-58,
337, and 342; as well as some of the Gene Daniels photos. The CBS film
Sprague spoke of may actually be one of these.
The most important point, which certainly should not be overlooked here,
is that if there is film of the Rambler incident it would show Oswald or
"his identical twin" getting into the car, thus proving the existence of
a conspiracy! Only this fact makes the identification of Wing's Rambler
less important. If it then turns out to be Wing's car, living
conspirators may have already been found.
It is obvious that finding this film is of supreme importance. If the
CBS film exists, however, it is not naively suggested that they will
simply hand it over. But of all the lawsuits that could be brought
against CBS, none could be more important than a suit for the release of
such a film.
Perhaps attempts to identify Wing's Rambler in Dealey Plaza are
premature, however. If in fact Ruth Paine did own a light-colored
Rambler station wagon in 1963, it would be a major step toward
eliminating Wing's car from suspicion. It will be interesting to see how
the evidence manipulators (see below) deal with this dilemma. Should
evidence of a Paine Rambler suddenly appear, it would further
corroborate Oswald and Craig, casting further suspicion on Paine.
Despite Dallas County Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig's published Warren
Commission testimony which, according to Craig, had fourteen changes
from his original testimony, Craig is certain he saw a Rambler station
wagon with a luggage rack on top. Craig also maintained his certainty
that the Rambler was light-green although the Commission changed it to
white. Craig was also certain that "Mrs. Ruth Paine, the woman Marina
Oswald lived with in Irving, Texas, owned a Rambler station wagon, at
that time, of this same color."582 Craig does not say in his
autobiography how he knew this.
When asked if he had anything to add to his Warren Commission testimony
Craig said, "No; except -- uh -- except for the fact that it came out
later that Mrs. Paine does own a station wagon and -- uh -- it has a
luggage rack on top. And this came out, of course, later after I got
back to the office. I didn't know about this. Buddy Walthers brought it
up. I believe they went by the house and the car was parked in the
driveway."583 Craig apparently told Jim Garrison that "Deputy Sheriff
Buddy Walthers drove out to the Paine residence in the suburb of Irving
and confirmed that Mrs. Ruth Paine did have a Nash Rambler station wagon
with a luggage rack on top."584
The FBI, however, apparently established that Ruth Paine owned a green,
1955 Chevrolet station wagon with a luggage rack on top. But since the
agent conducting the investigation was James P. Hosty, who admitted
destroying evidence under orders,585 and since he did not see the car
until three months after the assassination, the "evidence" of this car
could have been altered or fabricated.586 Another possible explanation
for why Oswald said it was Ruth Paine's Rambler stems from something
Oswald said at his interrogation. According to Captain Fritz's report
Oswald said, "No. I don't own a car but the Paines have two cars."587
It seems Craig is the only witness in Dealey Plaza to describe the hue
of the car. The others described it as light-colored or light-gray,
possibly having been uncertain of the hue. Because of this, it is
important to establish whether or not Craig was color-blind since
light-pink would appear light-green to a color-blind person. Another
explanation for the color discrepancy is that this was a similar
situation to Carl Mather's car being seen with a different color but
having the same license plates.588 Neither case rules out the
possibility that a car the color of the UT Rambler was used in some way
by the conspirators.
If the UT Rambler was used by the conspirators in the JFK assassination,
then it was in Mexico in 1964, ended up back in the United States as
some sort of souvenir, and stayed near a circle of friends that included
Lyndon Johnson, Walt Rostow, Jack Dulles, Harry Ransom, C.B. Smith, and
two professors of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Texas at
According to the rule of falsifiability, if this car was not involved in
the assassination, the evidence will prove the claim (that it was
involved) false. If the claim is true, the evidence will not disprove
it. So far none of the evidence disproves that George Wing's station
wagon was the car seen by Michael Kensington, Roger Craig, Marvin
Robinson, Helen Forrest, and Richard Carr.589 Neither does it disprove
Wing's Rambler was the one known to Oswald as the car that took him from
Dealey Plaza. The search for evidence continues however. Help in that
search is both needed and requested from the research community.
But perhaps this car had nothing to do with the assassination. Perhaps
like the back seat magazines and the missing pages, it too was just a
sign or a signal, something that would attract the attention of someone
knowledgeable about the JFK assassination, something which would help
put the other clues into perspective and lead to previously unseen
relationships in the mosaic of the Kennedy assassination.
That being the case then perhaps too the whole thing is an elaborate
hoax. If so, assurance is given here that no such hoax originated with
this author or others whose research contributed to this paper. It
cannot as yet be conclusively ruled out, though, that such a hoax
originated with George Wing or someone who knew him. Those who have made
these findings, with the exception of those wishing anonymity, are
willing to undergo polygraph examination, voice stress analysis, brain
wave scanning, or other physically non-intrusive methods of varifying
truthfulness, relative to any and all statements made herein.
Then again maybe all of this is just one of the most amazing
coincidences that has ever existed. Whether real, coincidence, or hoax
however, the evidence of the UT Rambler is similar to and predates the
evidence of Ricky White, which was first made public in August 1990,
concerning his father Rosco White's role in the assassination. By the
time White's story broke in the Austin American-Statesman, the Rambler,
the magazines, and the first of the missing pages had already been
discovered. In fact it was the similarities between the story of the
Rambler and the story of Rosco White -- the idea of leaving artifacts,
clues, and documents where they could be found -- that led to sufficient
curiosity to start the first hard research into the Rambler in November
In the search for truth about the Kennedy assassination, rife as it is
with disinformation in the accepted areas of learning, we cannot be
blinded to the possibility that the truth can still be found or that it
may be in some rather unorthodox places. This paper's author and
researchers understand the damage that continues to be done by those who
introduce red herrings, intentionally or not, into the investigation of
President Kennedy's murder. As a group, we decided in January 1993 that
the public release of our findings would help in the search for the
truth more than hurt it. After nearly four years of justifiable caution
we felt that at least some of what we had found pointed in the direction
of what had actually happened to President Kennedy. In the months that
followed, leading up to the presentation of this paper at the Second
Research Conference of The Third Decade in June 1993, that decision was
reinforced by subsequent findings.
Whether real, coincidence, or hoax, the Rambler has led to a new look at
those with well known roles in the story of the assassination like the
Paines, Dulles, Brading, Johnson, and de Mohrenschildt, those with
lesser known roles like Martino, Burris, Byrd, Bancroft, Lansdale, Bush,
Nixon, and Rostow, and a first look at those with as yet unknown
possible roles like Harry Huntt Ransom, George Gordon Wing and Cecil
To quote Wing himself, from an article he wrote in 1982, in which he
examines "...a brilliant analysis [by Carlos Fuentes] of Moby Dick in
terms of its profound meanings,..."
..Fuentes gives us a Melville who is not only a subverter of the
established order but also a prophet whose prognostications gain
validity in our own time. Melville could not accept the idea of the
United States held by his fellow countrymen -- God's chosen people, a
nation that had never experienced defeat and felt itself heir to the
future. Melville had a vision, Fuentes says, of the excesses to which
all of these certainties could lead: to the imposition of false ends and
private fetishes; to the sacrifice of the collective good on the alter
of an abstract freedom of the individual, to the simplistic division of
history into a Manichean struggle between the good -- the United States
-- and the evil -- those who oppose the United States, to manifest
destiny, to "the lonely crowd," inorganic atomism; to the confusion
between private opinion and general truth; to the radical lack of
comprehension of the truth of others whenever it does not correspond to
the particular vision of things held by a North American: as a
consequence, the truth of others is suspect and must be destroyed.
Indeed, Fuentes concludes, in our time, Captain Ahab still lives, and
his name is MacArthur and Dulles, Joe McCarthy and Johnson, the white
whale is in Cuba, in China, in Vietnam, in Santo Domingo, in a film, in
Wing ends this same article with a statement which can be applied to
other aspects of his life -- a statement which may one day prove to be
very revealing about what had once been viewed as his eccentricities:
"In this essay, I have of necessity treated a complex subject in a
somewhat fragmentary and incomplete fashion. Nevertheless, I hope to
have awakened some interest in pursuing further any of the topics I have
deliberately left truncated."
The Mutilated UT Library Books and Rambler Back seat Magazines
The following are the nine books discovered missing or with pages
removed at the Perry-Caste=F1eda and Benson Libraries on the campus of
the University of Texas at Austin. The first was discovered in June
1989; the rest in May-June 1991 when only the author and one other
person knew all of the facts about what was being found. No books were
found after these; but books with missing pages yet to be found, now
that word of them is more widespread, are less credible. Following the
nine books are the only two back seat magazines to be positively
identified of at least four that are visible in photographs of George
Wing's Rambler station wagon. The identity of the third is at present
only tentative, but the visible elements on its cover do appear to be an
Anthony Summers, Conspiracy, (NY: McGraw Hill, 1980), pp. 125-26,
447-52, 545-46, 593-94; discovered June 1989.
Robert Sam Anson, They've Killed the President, (NY: Bantam, 1975), pp.
197-98, 255-58, 267-68, 275-76, 297-300, 307-14, 331-34, 387-88;
discovered May 1, 1991.
HSCA Volume V: Trafficante testimony, pp. 363-68, 373-76; discovered May
Jaques Cattel, ed., Directory of American Scholars, Vol. I, (NY: R.R.
Bowker Co. sixth ed. 1974), p. 672 (only the Nathaniel Weyl biography
was removed, the rest of the page remains intact); discovered May 13,
Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, (Berkeley, CA: Westworks, 1977),
pp. 7-22, 27-28, 31-38, 41-44, 51-56, 61-62, 65-66; discovered May 13,
Wim J. Meiners, De Moordfabriek: Tussen Dallas En Watergate, (NY: Ace;
Bussum: Centripress, 1974), pp. 42-64, photos 4 pp.; discovered May 23,
1991. Note: An intact copy of this book was obtained through an
interlibrary loan from the University of Kansas Libraries; E / 842.9
Warren Hinckle with William Turner, The Fish is Red, (NY: Harper and
Row, 1981), pp. 31-40, 43-46, 53-54, 101-04, 111-26, 131-34, 155-74,
203-06, photo section: 8 pp., 215-18, 223-24, 335-38, 349-52; discovered
May 24, 1991.
Michael Canfield with Alan J. Webberman, Coup d'Etat in America, (NY:
Third Press, 1975); confirmed missing May 24, 1991.
Julius Mader, Who's Who in CIA, (Berlin: Self-published, 1968), pp.
577-78; discovered June 1, 1991.
Esquire, August 1963, Vol. LX, No. 2, whole No. 357.
Esquire, January 1964, Vol. LXI, No. 1, whole No. 362.
Life, June 7, 1963, Vol. 54, No. 23.
See the 1994 Update to this article.
Return to Main Page
480. Michael Kensington, "The Miami Connection to the JFK
Assassination," The Third Decade, Sept., 1992, pp. 26-31.
481. Interview: Jan. 3, 1993, Michael Kensington.
483. A discussion of the implications of this fact with regard to
Craig's description of "light-green" can be found in the conclusion of
484. Interview: Jan. 3, 1993, Michael Kensington.
485. Interview: Jan. 16, 1993, Michael Kensington.
486. Interview: Mar. 1992, Lucila Lopez Wing, widow of George Gordon
Wing. Note: Mrs. Wing has not been interviewed extensively about the
subjects dealt with in this paper. She was sent a polite letter in March
1993 asking for any information she could provide concerning her
husband's interest in his Rambler.
487. Interview: May 6, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw by researcher Stephen
488. "C.B. Smith Handed Festival Task," The Austin American, Oct. 16,
489. The University of Texas at Arlington, "C.B. Smith, Sr., October 24,
490. The University of Texas at Arlington, "C.B. Smith, Sr., October 24,
491. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 4. Note: Buckley, Sr.
and Smith, Sr. were former residents of UT's "Old B Hall" upperclassmen
dormitory. Also recall the newspaper announcement dated Oct. 2, 1963,
mentioned earlier in this paper, which says that Buckley will speak at
UT Austin from Dec. 8-14, 1963; Martino gave his talk in Austin on Oct.
1, and Oswald was in Austin on Sept. 25, the day before the Odio
492. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, pp. 4, 8-9. Note: Dubois
continued to be an important CIA "asset" to David Atlee Phillips
throughout the 1960s. (See Freed, Death in Washington, p. 50.)
493. Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, p. 20; interview: Jan. 3, 1993, Michael
494. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, pp. 5, 7; Hinkle with
Turner, The Fish is Red, p. 106-07. Note: Hinkle and Turner put the date
of that attempt in October 1961, while Scott places it in October 1962.
There is a story, to be discussed in this paper, about a trial here in
Austin in 1990 involving the son of the man who hid at the Odios' house
after fleeing that failed attempt. (See Summers, Conspiracy, pp.
495. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, pp. 7-10.
496. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, pp. 5-6; Scott, Crime and
Cover-Up, pp. 17-18, 34-35; Summers, Conspiracy, p. 417.
497. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 5; Summers, Conspiracy,
498. Lane, Plausible Denial, pp. 300-01.
499. Frantz, The Forty Acre Follies, p. 98; Judis, William F. Buckley,
Jr., p. 22; Link, Woodrow Wilson, p. 16-17.
500. The University of Texas at Arlington, "C.B. Smith, Sr., October 24,
501. Di Eugenio, Destiny Betrayed, pp. 342-43 n.22.
502. "A Busy Day in Dallas for LBJ -- Thousands Welcome Johnson," The
Dallas Times Herald, Apr. 24, 1963; "Continued Cuba Watch Revealed By
Vice President," The Dallas Times Herald, Apr. 24, 1963; Interview: Feb.
2, 1993, David Lifton.
503. George Gordon Wing, Octavio Paz: Poetry, Politics, and the Myth of
the Mexican, doctoral dissertation, University of California at
Berkeley, Mar. 3, 1961, p. 3; E. Howard Hunt, Undercover, (NY: Berkeley,
1974), p. 69, cited in Judis, William F. Buckley, Jr., p. 80; Interview:
Jun. 7, 1993, with an individual wishing anonymity, who told this
paper's researchers that Castro used to try to get dates with his
Spanish teacher at Mexico City College in 1950.
504. The author's chance photo of Wing driving his Rambler in 1990 is a
left profile. No two ears are alike and a match is reportedly as good as
505. Byrd, I'm an Endangered Species, pp. 94, 97.
506. Bill Christensen, a student in the UT Spanish and Portuguese
Department, learned this from his girlfriend, Jean Miller, who used to
work with Wing
507. Interview: May 4, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw.
508. Interview: Jun. 29, and Aug. 10, 1993, John Wheat.
509. Ben Belitt, ed., Pablo Neruda, Five Decades: A Selection (Poems:
1925-1970), (NY: Grove Weidenfeld, 1974), pp. xvii, 78, 79.
510. Interview: Oct. 28, 1992, Migel Gonzalez-Gerth by John Garcia.
Note: According to Donald Freed, "Good old David [Atlee]
Phillips...passed among his liberal friends as a McGovern Democrat"
while setting up his extreme right-wing Association of Retired
Intelligence Officers. (See Freed, Death in Washington, p. 124.)
511. C.B. Smith Motors Warranty Guarantee No. 64413A issued Apr., 26,
1963 to George Gordon Wing; Interview: Jan., 8, 1993, a close relative
of R.L. Lewis, who wishes anonymity.
512. Interview: Jan. 13, 1993, a secretary for C.B. Smith Investments,
by researcher David G. Armstrong.
513. P.K. Williams Motors repair receipt nos. 8494 (Sept. 1, 1966) and
14693 (Sept. 13, 1967) were found in Wing's Rambler's glove compartment.
514. Interview: Feb. 17, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw, former C.B. Smith
employee who knew Wing and later worked on his car at P.K. Williams
515. Interview: May 4, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw.
516. Interview: Feb. 17, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw.
517. Interview: Feb. 17, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw.
518. Interview: Feb. 17, 1993, Chuck Bradshaw.
519. Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much, p. 581.
520. Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much, pp. 431-32, 701.
521. The Roads of Texas, (Fredericksburg, TX: Shearer Publishing, 1988),
pp. 52-53, 68-69, 88-107, 120-23, 161. Note: These maps include places
considered to be ghost towns with populations as small as five people.
522. Henry Hurt, Reasonable Doubt, (NY: Henry Holt, 1985), p. 402; Seth
Kantor, The Ruby Cover-Up, (NY: Zebra, 1978), pp. 43, 249-50.
523. Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much, p. 432.
524. Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, p. 20; Interview: Jan. 3, 1993, Michael
525. Hinckle with Turner, The Fish is Red, pp. 137-42, 144-46.
526. Graham, Texas is in eastern Young County, which would put it less
than two-hundred miles from "Bay Cliff" if Bay Cliff actually existed
and was where it was reported to be, half-way between Dallas and
527. Montgomery Ward tire warranty forms 27420-4 and 27420-6 found in
Wing's Rambler's glove compartment.
528. CD 205, p. 453-62; Hubert Memos, Mar. 6 and 19, 1964, cited in
Canfield with Weberman, Coup d'=E9tat in America, p. 51.
529. CD 23, CE 2694, CD 853, cited in George Michael Evica, And We Are
All Mortal: New Evidence and Analysis in the John F. Kennedy
Assassination, (West Hartford, CT: University of Hartford, 1978), p.
530. Canfield with Weberman, Coup d'=E9tat in America, pp. 50-52.
531. Sugar with Leek, The Assassination Chain, p. 113.
532. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 9.
533. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 4.
534. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, passim.
535. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, pp. 3-4.
536. Tinkle, Mr. De, pp. 224, 239.
537. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. I, p. 11; Scott, The Dallas
Conspiracy, ch. IX, p. 20.
538. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 19.
539. Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. IX, pp. 20-21.
540. 9 H 106, 107 cited in Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. III, pp.
16, 37, ch. VII, p. 17, ch. IX, p. 27. Note: "After the assassination
there were repeated conspiratorial efforts to extract from Marina Oswald
false evidence against her late husband. Those involved in these efforts
included Jack Crichton of Army Reserve Intelligence Service, at least
one Russian "interpreter" [Mamantov] from Oswald's restricted circle of
contacts in the oil industry, and at least four apparently unrelated
persons linked to Marina's post-assassination hosts (the Great Southwest
Corporation) and their lawyers (Wynne, Jaffe and Tinsley). Bedford Wynne
of this law firm, a prominent oil lobbyist in Washington for the
Murchisons, was investigated for his role in a Murchison kickback to
[LBJ friend] Bobby Baker." (See Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. III.)
541. 9 H 202, cited in Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. VI, pp. 32-33.
542. Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. X, p. 4.
543. Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. VI, p. 32.
544. 9 H 106, 107 cited in Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. III, pp.
545. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 1.
546. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. II, p. 4.
547. Stone with Sklar, JFK: The Book of the Film, p. 92.
548. "Oswald in Austin," The Texas Observer, Dec. 27, 1963, pp. 4-5.
549. Unsolved Mysteries, "Rorke-Sullivan Flight", 60 minutes, NBC
Television Network, Dec. 19, 1990.
550. "Pre-presidential Office Diary, Sept. 25, 1963," LBJ Library, Box
551. "Pre-presidential Office Diary, Sept. 25, 1963," LBJ Library, Box
552. Lane, Plausible Denial, pp. 300-01.
553. Unpublished Transcript: Newman with Russo, pp. 28-29.
554. Pete Brewton, Speech, Unitarian Church in Austin, Feb. 10, 1993.
555. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. III, pp. 29-31.
556. Scott, Government Documents..., ch. III, pp. 29-31.
557. Clyde W. Burleson, A Guide to the Texas Medical Center, (Austin,
TX: University of Texas Press, 1987), p. 104; Eckhardt, One Hundred
Faithful..., p. 81.
558. Austin American-Statesman, "Governor Appoints TB Group," Sept. 26,
1963, p. AA-14; 6 H 1-152; David Lifton, Best Evidence, (NY: Macmillan,
1980), p. 673.
559. Marrs, Crossfire, pp. 431-33.
560. Kim Tyson, "Fatigued Adams to be examined," Austin
American-Statesman, Aug. 11, 1990, pp. D1, D3.
561. Kirk Ladendorf, "Adams case settled for $1.9 million," Austin
American-Statesman, Dec. 5, 1990, pp. D1, D10.
562. Brian Builta, "Gonzalez-Gonzalez convicted in hijacking," The Daily
Texan, Jul. 19, 1990, p. 1; Morrow, The Senator Must Die, p. 245.
563. Hinckle with Turner, The Fish is Red, p. 106-07; Exhibit 28 of the
Senate Select Committee on Internal Security, Jan. 23, 1959, cited in
Morrow, The Senator Must Die, pp. 244-45.
564. Author's notes from Gonzalez-Gonzalez trial, Jul., 17, 1990.
565. Author's notes from Gonzalez-Gonzalez trial, Jul., 17, 1990.
566. Fensterwald, Coincidence or Conspiracy, pp. 257-58.
567. Hinckle with Turner, The Fish is Red, pp. 232-33; Morrow, The
Senator Must Die, pp. 14-17.
568. Morrow, The Senator Must Die, pp. 14-17, 25, 31, 39, 82.
569. Morrow, The Senator Must Die, pp. 58-61, 80.
570. Morrow, The Senator Must Die, pp. 39, 71, 72; Canfield with
Webberman, Coup d'=E9tat in America, pp. 104-05; Scott, Crime and
Cover-Up, pp. 14, 56, n. 52a; Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. IV, p.
571. Morrow, The Senator Must Die, pp. 72-75, 88, 107.
572. Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, ch. II, p. 2.
573. Hinckle with Turner, The Fish is Red, pp. 317, 320, 321.
574. Interview: Apr. 1991, Aug. 11, 1993, Aletha Reppel, a New Orleans
native, who was told this by her family who are long-time residents of
575. Author's notes from Gonzalez-Gonzalez trial, Jul., 17, 1990.
576. Author's notes from Gonzalez-Gonzalez trial, Jul., 17, 1990.
577. Anson, They've Killed the President, p. 360.
578. A study of the catalog of the Sprague collection reveals several
color and black-and-white films and still photos which may show the
Dealey Plaza Rambler.
579. William Turner, "The Shooting of George Wallace," Sid Blumenthal
with Harvey Yazijian, eds., Government by Gunplay: Assassination
Conspiracy Theories from Dallas to Today, (NY: Signet, 1976), p. 64;
Hunt: Senate Watergate Committee Report, GPO ed., p. 129, cited in
Fensterwald, Coincidence or Conspiracy, p. 523.
580. For researchers who have access to Gary Shaw's original slides, the
chronological order and their labels are as follows: 1) 220 JAN 75; 2)
23 FEB 75; 3) 22 FEB 75; 4) 21 FEB 75; 5) 334 JAN 75; 6) 199 JAN 75; 7)
188 JAN 75.
581. Anson, They've Killed the President, p. 360.
582. Craig, When They Kill a President, pp. 10, 16, 18; Two Men in
Dallas: John Kennedy and Roger Craig, 60 minutes, videotape. Narrated by
Mark Lane. Alpa Productions, 1977.
583. 6 H 271.
584. Jim Garrison, On the Trail of the Assassins, p. 95n.
585. Hurt, Reasonable Doubt, p. 253.
586. Warren Commission Exhibit (CE) 1875, Vol. 23, p. 681, paragraph 5;
CE 2125, 24 H 697. Note: a strange coincidence about this motel
registration card is that it is from the "Rambler Motel" in Wa-Kom
587. Sylvia Meagher, Accessories After the Fact, (NY: Bobs-Merrill,
1967; Random House, 1976; Vintage, 1992), p. 232.
588. Groden with Livingstone, High Treason, p. 238-39.
589. Carr described it as a "1961 or 1962 Grey Rambler Station
Wagon...which had Texas license...." Craig described it as light-green
and wrote in 1971, "I said the license plates on the Rambler were not
the same color as Texas plates. The Warren Commission: Omitted the not
-- omitted but one word, an important one, so that it appeared that the
license plates were the same color as Texas plates." In a cover-up, this
matter would be a prime target for obfuscation. Therefore, the
consistencies in the descriptions of the car -- that it was a light
color, a Rambler station wagon, driven by a man with a dark complexion,
and a white male identical to Oswald entered it -- carry the greater
weight as evidence. (See Thompson, Six Seconds in Dallas, pp. 303-06,
404-05. Craig, When They Kill a President, p. 18; Kurtz, Crime of The
Century, p. 132.)
590. George Gordon Wing, "Some Remarks on the Literary Criticism of
Carlos Fuentes," Rob Brody with Charles Ruseman, eds., Carlos Fuentes: A
Critical View, (Austin, TX: The University of Texas Press, 1982), pp.
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